Eye Disorders / Diseases and Conditions > Cataracts > TREATMENT OPTIONS

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  1. Observe: If you have just been told that you have the beginning of cataracts just monitoring the growth of the cataract is very common. Depending on the person and the growth of the cataract, some take years to mature while others take months.
  2. Eyeglasses: Though your cataract is starting to interfere with your vision and daily activities an update on your eyeglasses prescription may still be beneficial for you at this point.
  3. Surgery: Cataract surgery is one of the most commonly performed surgeries in the United States where an ophthalmologist removes the clouded crystalline lens and replaces it with a permanent artificial intraocular lens implant (IOL). Usually, anesthesia consists of numbing eye drops and a mild sedative. A sterile drape will be placed around the eye to be operated on. To begin your surgery, the surgeon will make a very small incision (between 2-3 millimeters) at the outermost edge of the cornea (figure 1). The incision is self-sealing and does not require stitches. The natural lens is removed using ultrasound (figure 2) and an artificial lens is put in its place (figure 3). The drapes are removed and sunglasses or an eye shield are placed over the eye.


                   Figure 1                      Figure 2                      Figure 3
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