Eye Disorders / Diseases and Conditions


 
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Amblyopia

Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is defined as a reduction in vision without the presence of eye disease and is most common among children. The brain, for some reason, does not acknowledge the images seen by one of the eyes.

Angle closure glaucoma

Increased pressure in the anterior chamber of the eye due to sudden or slowly progressive blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the eye. The blockage occurs at the junction of the cornea with the iris.

Astigmatism

If you experience blurry vision, you may have astigmatism. Astigmatism is not a disease nor does it mean you have "bad eyes." Headache, fatigue, squinting and eye discomfort may indicate astigmatism. Most patients have some astigmatism.

Blepharitis

An inflammation of the eyelash follicles, along the edge of the eyelid caused by bacteria that is usually found on the skin.

Cataracts

A cataract is the clouding of your eye's natural lens. A cataract scatters or blocks the light that passes into the eye. This usually occurs gradually so you may not notice it at first.

Chalazion

A small bump in the eyelid caused by a blocked oil gland.

Conjunctivitis

An inflammation of the conjunctiva or thin membrane covering the white of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It affects people of all ages.

Diplopia or Double vision

If you see two of what you are looking at when there is only one, this is called double vision, also referred to as diplopia. Double vision and blurred vision is not the same thing. In blurred vision, a single image appears unclear. In double vision, two images are seen at the same time, creating understandable confusion for anyone who has it.

Dry eye

A dry eye syndrome is a condition in which your eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears do not have the normal chemical makeup. 10 million Americans suffer from dry eyes, of which more than half are women.

Farsightedness

If you experience blurred vision after viewing a nearby object for an extended period or have headaches and eyestrain, you may be farsighted. Your physician refers to this condition as Hyperopia.

Floaters

Floaters are tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. Floaters may look like specks, strands, webs, or other shapes.

Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that have common features including intraocular pressure that is too high for the health of the eye, damage to the optic nerve, and visual field loss.

Hyperopia

Hyperopia is not a disease, nor does it mean you have "bad eyes." It is a variation in the shape of your eyeball. The degree of variation determines whether or not you will need corrective eyewear.

Lazy eye

If you have reduced vision that is not correctable by glasses or contact lenses and is not due to any eye disease, you may have amblyopia, commonly known as lazy eye.

Low vision

Low vision or subnormal vision may be defined as; reduced vision which even the best correction with regular spectacles still results in impairment from a performance standpoint.

Macular Degeneration

A common disorder of the macula, which is the center of the retina, caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina. Macular degeneration is incurable and is the leading cause of blindness for those aged 65 and older.

Migraine

The cause of vascular headache is not totally clear. It is frequently associated with an abnormal body response to carbohydrate foods, female hormones and caffeine. Carbohydrate foods may precipitate a headache up to 18 hours after ingestion; therefore patients frequently do not recognize the relationship between the food and the headache. Headaches are frequently precipitated or made worse by birth control pills or female hormones (Estrogen). Also, they may be triggered by stress, physical or emotional upsets, menstruation, fever, injury, sunburn or extreme fatigue and aerobic exercise.

Myopia

Myopia is not a disease, nor does it mean you have "bad eyes." It is a variation in the shape of your eyeball. The degree of variation determines whether or not you will need corrective eyewear.

Presbyopia

As we age, body tissues normally lose their elasticity. As skin ages, it becomes less elastic and we develop wrinkles. Similarly, as the lenses in our eyes lose some of their elasticity, they lose some of their ability to change focus for different distances. The loss is gradual. Long before we become aware that seeing close up is becoming more difficult, the lenses in our eyes have begun losing their ability to flatten and thicken. Only when the loss of elasticity impairs our vision to a noticeable degree do we recognize the change.

Rosacea

Rosacea, formerly called acne Rosacea, is an incurable disease that is acquired with age and is common in over 50% of patients over the age of 60. Rosacea is a central facial disease involving the eyelids, nose, and cheeks. It involves the visibility of red blood vessels, pimples, and sties. It periodically waxes and wanes and varies, which has resulted in its description as a form of acne. A classic "worst" case of Rosacea is that of WC Fields.

Styes

A small area of redness and pain on the margin of your eyelid may indicate that you have a stye, known in medical terms as external hordeolum. A stye is a blocked gland at the edge of the lid which has become infected by bacteria, usually Staphylococcus aureus.




   

 

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