Eye Disorders / Diseases and Conditions


Click on names of disorders/diseases below to find out more information...

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Amblyopia, or "lazy eye," is defined as a reduction in vision without the presence of eye disease and is most common among children. The brain, for some reason, does not acknowledge the images seen by one of the eyes.

Angle closure glaucoma

Increased pressure in the anterior chamber of the eye due to sudden or slowly progressive blockage of the normal circulation of fluid within the eye. The blockage occurs at the junction of the cornea with the iris.


If you experience blurry vision, you may have astigmatism. Astigmatism is not a disease nor does it mean you have "bad eyes." Headache, fatigue, squinting and eye discomfort may indicate astigmatism. Most patients have some astigmatism.


An inflammation of the eyelash follicles, along the edge of the eyelid caused by bacteria that is usually found on the skin.


A cataract is the clouding of your eye's natural lens. A cataract scatters or blocks the light that passes into the eye. This usually occurs gradually so you may not notice it at first.


A small bump in the eyelid caused by a blocked oil gland.


An inflammation of the conjunctiva or thin membrane covering the white of the eye and the inner surface of the eyelid. It affects people of all ages.

Diplopia or Double vision

If you see two of what you are looking at when there is only one, this is called double vision, also referred to as diplopia. Double vision and blurred vision is not the same thing. In blurred vision, a single image appears unclear. In double vision, two images are seen at the same time, creating understandable confusion for anyone who has it.

Dry eye

A dry eye syndrome is a condition in which your eyes do not produce enough tears or the tears do not have the normal chemical makeup. 10 million Americans suffer from dry eyes, of which more than half are women.


Floaters are tiny clumps of gel or cells inside the vitreous, the clear jelly-like fluid that fills the inside of your eye. Floaters may look like specks, strands, webs, or other shapes.


Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that have common features including intraocular pressure that is too high for the health of the eye, damage to the optic nerve, and visual field loss.

Macular Degeneration

A common disorder of the macula, which is the center of the retina, caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina. Macular degeneration is incurable and is the leading cause of blindness for those aged 65 and older.


As we age, body tissues normally lose their elasticity. As skin ages, it becomes less elastic and we develop wrinkles. Similarly, as the lenses in our eyes lose some of their elasticity, they lose some of their ability to change focus for different distances. The loss is gradual. Long before we become aware that seeing close up is becoming more difficult, the lenses in our eyes have begun losing their ability to flatten and thicken. Only when the loss of elasticity impairs our vision to a noticeable degree do we recognize the change.


A small area of redness and pain on the margin of your eyelid may indicate that you have a stye, known in medical terms as external hordeolum. A stye is a blocked gland at the edge of the lid which has become infected by bacteria, usually Staphylococcus aureus.



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